UPCM CAPACITA CAMPONESES EM MATÉRIA DE POUPANÇA

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Recentemente, a UDCM-União Distrital de Camponeses da Manhiça, na Província de Maputo, acolheu a Formação de Círculos de Estudo e Grupos de Poupança, realizada pela própria União Provincial de Camponeses de Maputo, em parceria com a We Effect, uma ONG-Organização Não Governamental sueca, através do Projecto Agir - Fase 2.

 

Participação e objectivos

Nesta Formação, participaram 42 membros (38 mulheres e 4 homens), em representação das Uniões Distritais de Camponeses de Manhiça, Marracuene e Namaacha. Relativamente aos objectivos da aludida Formação, há a destacar os seguintes:

 

1. Possibilitar a guarda de pequenas poupanças, por pessoas com dificuldades de acesso aos Bancos;

2. Garantir a acumulação de recursos financeiros, por via da poupança, com vista ao crédito rotativo e aos investimentos domésticos;

3. Contribuir para o crescimento progressivo dos rendimentos das famílias camponesas, desfavorecidas e sem acesso aos créditos formais;

4. Ajudar a “cultivar” a cultura de crédito e de poupança, que possibilite o acesso a empréstimos, em instituições financeiras formais, pelas famílias desfavorecidas.

 

Congratulações

Falando ao “Boletim Informativo UNAC”, os formandos avaliaram positivamente a Formação, garantindo, a partir dos conhecimentos adquiridos, cuidar melhor dos seus rendimentos; e criar, junto dos demais companheiros, Grupos de Poupança e Círculos de Estudo, nas suas associações.

 

No encerramento, não faltaram júbilos, e entrega de cofres às associações participantes.

 

PREMIADOS OS MELHORES PRODUTORES DO ANO, EM MANICA

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No decurso da Cerimónia de Lançamento Oficial da Safra 2016/2017, na Província de Manica, a comitiva governamental presente, levava na agenda, a premiação dos 10 melhores classificados, nas categorias de Melhores Produtores (3 pessoas), Melhores Extencionista (3 pessoas), e Melhores Produtores (Jovem e Mulher). Dentre vários, os prémios incluíam: electrodomésticos, bicicletas, Tv’s, charruas, pulverizadores, telemóveis, Pacotes (DSTv, ZAP, GOTv), sementes diversas, Diplomas de Honra, etc.

 

O primeiro classificado

O melhor Produtor do Ano (e melhor classificado), responde pelo nome de Samuel Pedro Zambo, camponês jovem, da zona de Nhamatsakara, Tranga-Passo, no Distrito de Chimoio; e recebeu das mãos do Vice-Ministro do Mar, Águas Interiores e Pescas, Sr Henriques Bonjesse, nada menos do que 01 Diploma de Honra, 50kg de semente de milho, 01 junta de bovinos para tracção animal, 01 TV, 01 pacote de subscrição DSTv,  01 charrua, 01 bicicleta, 01 telemóvel, 01 pulverizador e 200g de sementes de hortículas diversas.

 

Promessa de mais trabalho

Falando para o “Boletim Informativo UNAC”, Zambo (ainda não associado, mas que diz pretender), não conseguia disfarsar a sua alegria pelo reconhecimento; tendo aproveitado a ocasião para prometer muito mais trabalho.

UCAMA TROCA EXPERIÊNCIA COM WFP, DA ÁFRICA DO SUL

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Mais de 100 camponeses(as) filiados(as) à UCAMA-União Provincial de Camponeses de Manica, reuniram-se nos Distritos de Sussundenga e Chimoio, nos dias 21 a 24 de Setembro, numa troca de experiências com as companheiras da Organização WFP, da África do Sul. O enfoque, em termos de assuntos em abordagem, foi para a área de Saúde, Nutrição, Protecção Social dos Trabalhadores, e  Direitos da Mulher, na perspectiva de Género e Activismo.

 

A sessão foi facilitada pela Organização FOS-Bélgica, parceira de ambas, e com Sede Regional na República da África do Sul. A FOS-Bélgica apoia várias organizações, movimentos sociais e autoridades de Estados recém-independentes, ou novos regimes, com uma ampla gama de actividades; com vista à emancipação geral, de todas as classes sociais .

 

Necessidades da mulher

Com uma forte componente de advocacia, em favor dos Direitos Humanos (LHR), iniciativa destinada a atender às necessidades específicas da mulher que vive e trabalha nas fazendas, o Projecto de Mulheres Farmeiras (WFP) é uma Organização sul-africana criada em 1992, e que trabalha com as mulheres, na agricultura comercial, principalmente na Província de Western Cape. Como ONG-Organização Não Governamental independente, a WFP foi formalmente registada em 1996. É muito conhecida localmente, e goza de forte reputação, junto de organizações pares e similares.

 

Uma sociedade justa

A Visão da WFP é: Uma sociedade justa, onde as mulheres que vivem e trabalham nas farmas são tratadas com dignidade e respeito, em conformidade com os direitos constitucionais, garantidos a todos os cidadãos sul-africano. WFP prevê, por conseguinte, uma sociedade onde a igualdade, o respeito e a dignidade são garantidos a todas as mulheres e em todos os espaços. Aliás, a WFP é igualmente por uma paisagem rural sul-africana alternativa, em que as mulheres desempenhem papéis de liderança activa, no âmbito das estruturas familiar, comunitária, profissional, económica, governativa, etc.

 

O desempenho da mulher

Com efeito, a mulher desempenha um papel preponderante em todas as esferas, e neste caso, na produção agrícola sustentável, sendo permanente a luta pela igualidade de direitos e pelo acesso equilibrado aos recursos vitais e aos serviços básicos.

 

Paradoxalmente

De tudo que foi abordado durante as sessões, pareceu evidente o atraso da mulher moçambicana, em relação ao pleno gozo de seus direitos, e às acções concretas, favoráveis às lutas inerentes, em curso. A vulnerabilidade, a dependência/ submissão ao género homem, a exclusão e a feminização do trabalho agrícola, da pobreza e das doenças endémicas, foram apenas alguns dos indicadores.

 

Internamente...

As mulheres de Manica, entretanto, falaram também da situação real da mulher rural, em Moçambique, e das lutas domésticas tendentes à reversão de cenários nocivos ao seu empoderamento. Falaram da sua produtividade (melhor em tempos de boas safras); da liderança feminina (que evolui gradualmente); da alfabetização (que segue abrindo as suas mentes); e do seu entendimento sobre género e desenvolvimento.

 

UPCT CRIA CIRCULOS DE ESTUDO/ INTERESSE

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A UPCT-União Provincial de Camponeses de Tete criou 91 Grupos/ Círculos de Estudo, em 8 distritos, para se ocuparem da resolução dos problemas que afectam a família camponesa, a partir das associações. Os mesmos contam com cerca de 1.340 membros, dentre os quais, 301 mulheres.

Resolução de problemas

O Plano Estratégico da UPCT, em implementação, preconiza a criação deste tipo de fóruns, com vista à resolução dos vários problemas que têm assolado os membros e, consequentemente, travado o crescimento das suas Organizações.

A Parceira We-Effect, apoia na capacitação desses Grupos/ Círculos de Estudo e em materiais afins de trabalho.

 Colaboração institucional

Cada Grupo, cujo presidente é eleito internamente, reserva um dia em cada semana, para resolver os problemas/ conflitos que afligem a Comunidade ou a Associação; e quando necessário, solicita intervenção/ assessoria de Técnicos da Agricultura, Saúde, Acção Ambiental, etc, conforme a natureza do problema.

Circuito de Supervisão

Cada Distrito tem um Organizador Distrital, que supervisiona os trabalhos dos Grupos/ Círculos locais, sendo estes, supervisionados pelo Organizador Provincial.

CAMPONESES DE NAMPULA LANÇAM A SEMENTE

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Camponeses de Nampula empolgaram-se com a chuva caída em Outubro, e lançou a semente à terra.

Enquanto isso, Ernesto Ludes, Director do SDAE de Murrupula, entregou, recentemente, 2 tractores, aos camponeses locais, como contribuição do governo, no processo de produção. Os tractores já estão desbravando a terra dos camponeses, ao preço de 2.500,00MT/ hectar, destinando-se, a receita, aos custos de combustível e manutenção, segundo palavras de Ludes. Na mesma ocasião, enxadas e sementes foram, igualmente, distribuídas a camponeses previamente seleccionados.

Outra boa perspectiva de produção, está relacionada com a castanha de caju. Com efeito, o Incaju e seus parceiros têm estado a fomentar a prática e a pulverizar os cajueiros. Os produtores, entretanto, dizem esperar, desta vez, por uma comercialização justa, “prática que não tem sido prática”, segundo eles.

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