CAMPONESES DE CHEMBA, EM VERDADEIRO "FOGO CRUZADO"

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Camponeses do Distrito de Chemba, na Província de Sofala, vivem em permanente estado de medo, devido à situação político-militar, que directa ou indirectamente, se repercute na sua vida e nas suas actividades.

 

Atacados por ambos

Camponeses ouvidos pelo “Boletim Informativo UNAC”, manifestaram-se agastados com a situação, e aproveitaram a ocasião, para apelar, mais uma vez, aos beligerantes, para que acabem logo com este conflito, e permitam o desenvolvimento do país, num ambiente de Paz.

 

Alguns dos nossos companheiros refugiaram-se nas ilhas, temendo ataques e ameaças. Recentemente, um reforço em homens e armas das FDS chegou a Chemba. E o medo das populações é justificado pelos ataques que ambos, os beligerantes, perpetram contra inocentes” - denunciaram os camponeses, em anonimato.

 

Entretanto...

No dia alusivo às celebrações dos 58 anos de elevação da Vila de Chemba, as populações locais, esqueceram-se das suas desgraças e festejaram. O Administrador local, aproveitou a moldura humana presente no comício, para mencionar a oferta de 3 motobombas a igual número de associações, como parte dos esforços para a mitigação dos efeitos da estiagem; para prometer a canalização da água, desde a Vila até aos postos administrativos e localidades; e para exortar às populações para que se dediquem cada vez mais à produção de comida, nas ilhas.

 

Dados estatísticos

O Presidente da UPCS-União Provincial de Camponeses de Sofala, visitou, recentemente, os camponeses das 12 associações filiadas à UDAC-União Distrital de Camponeses de Chemba, no âmbito da recolha de dados estatísticos do Movimento.

EM SOFALA: SECA E ANIMAIS "CASTIGAM" CAMPONESES

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A Província de Sofala, situando-se na região Centro do País, uma das assoladas pela estiagem dos últimos anos, não está de fora dos negativos efeitos desta calamidade.

 

A maioria dos Distritos de Sofala, a exemplo de Chemba e Nhamatanda, estão registando bolsas de fome, devido à longa ausência das chuvas e, à consequente improdutividade dos solos/ das machambas.

 

Comida pelo trabalho

Se por um lado, o Governo de Chemba, de forma paliativa, tem importado milho para o projecto “Comida pelo Trabalho”, com vista a assegurar que as populações se alimentem, ainda que sem opções; por outro, as populações de Siluvo, Chiadeia, Lamego, Tica e Vila-Sede, de Nhamatanda, estão na penúria absoluta. E os conflitos armado e Homem-Animal, adicionam-se ao já precário estado de vida das populações, cuja alternativa de sobrevivência é a agricultura.

 

Conflito Homem- Animal

Tirando o caso geral da guerra, as zonas de Bebedo, Matenga e Nhampoca (em Nhamatanda), e Rambik, Nhadula e Panchombo (em Chemba), são apenas exemplos dos tantos palcos do triste dilema do conflito Homem-Animal. “A interacção entre o Governo e o Parque de Gorongosa, não tem mostrado resultados; e os elefantes, continuam alimentando-se das nossas culturas” - lamentam os camponeses.

CAMPONESES DE LARDE, CRIAM UNIÃO DISTRITAL

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Aos 10 de Agosto findo, 61 camponeses (dentre os quais 28 mulheres), oriundos dos Fóruns de Najaca, Pacone, Nmeze, Miraja e Mucocora, no Distrito de Larde, Província de Nampula, reuniram-se na Sede do Posto Administrativo de Mucuali, com o objectivo de constituírem, em Assembleia-geral, a sua União Distrital. Da parte do Governo, estiveram presentes: O Administrador Bruge Rupia, o Chefe do Posto Carlos Albino e o Director do SDAE Esmael Chabane Castigo.

 

Mais uma mulher-líder

O evento, que seguiu com os procedimentos considerados normais, culminou com a eleição da companheira Marcela Calisto António, para o cargo de Presidente do Conselho de Direcção da nova União Distrital.

 

Ponte sobre Rio Mutacaze

Camponeses do Distrito de Mogovolas, manifestaram, recentemente, a sua satisfação e gratidão, ao Governo local, na sequência da reconstrução da Ponte sobre o Rio Mutacaze, destruída pelas cheias de 2015, deixando incomunicáveis, os Postos Administrativos de Nanhupo Rio e Muatua.

 

Castanha de Cajú

No Posto Administrativo de Ituculo, Distrito de Monapo, foram, recentemente, capacitados Promotores e Provedores, em matéria de Tratamento de Cajueiros e de Processamento da Castanha de Cajú; com vista ao aumento da sua produtividade e à eleição do distrito, ao topo da lista dos maiores produtores da Castanha, na Província.

 

A horticultura

Enquanto isso, camponeses dos Distritos de Malema e Ribáue, estão empenhados na produção massiva de hortícolas. Aliás, os distritos aludidos, ocupam a posição cimeira, quando se fala de potenciais fornecedores de hortícolas, em Nampula.

MACaC, VISTA COMO ESTRATÉGICA PARA O MOVIMENTO

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A UDACA-União Distrital de Camponeses de Ancuabe, em Cabo Delgado e a UDCM-União Distrital de Monapo, em Nampula, estão a continuar a implementação do processo de promoção de práticas agroecológicas de Camponês a Camponês, com autogestão do pessoal preparado na primeira etapa de formação, durante os meses de Dezembro a Julho/ 16.

 

Melhorias da vida

A iniciativa faz parte da estratégia da UNAC, de desenvolver as capacidades metodológicas nas províncias e distritos, e mais tarde, ao nível nacional. Na verdade, esta metodologia é vista como sendo estratégica para o fortalecimento do Movimento e para a melhoria das condições de vida das famílias camponesas, com os acréscimos produtivos.

 

Extensão da metodologia

Neste momento de produção de hortícolas, acções concertadas, entre a estrutura do Movimento, nas províncias aludidas, e os(as) PER’s-Promotores(as) de Extensão Rural, estão em curso, com vista à extensão da metodologia das práticas agroecológicas, aos demais camponeses e comunidades locais.

 

O processo de implementação está em planificação, com vista à selecção de novos PER’s e à promoção de várias práticas agroecológicas, a nível local. Actualmente existem 60 PER’s, trabalhando directamente com 300 famílias de camponeses.

EM NAMPULA, MOVIMENTO DE CAMPONESES CONSOLIDA-SE

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Registos recentemente postos à disposição, ao nível da União Provincial de Camponeses de Nampula, indicam para um crescimento assinalável, do Movimento. Com efeito, a União Provincial conta, actualmente, com 11 Uniões e 5 Núcleos Distritais de Camponeses, a si congregados, cujos milhares de membros singulares, trabalham em uma área de aproximadamente 80 mil m2.

 

A produção vai bem

Em termos de produção, camponeses de Nampula não vão tão mal, apesar da seca que de alguma forma se fez sentir, na Província, na última safra. Depoimentos de alguns camponeses ouvidos pelo “Boletim Informativo UNAC”, indicam, por exemplo, para uma boa colheita de amendoím, e para a estabilização dos preços deste, considerados favoráveis, tanto para os produtores, assim como para os compradores.

 

Entretanto...

Cerca de 5000 camponeses do Posto Administrativo de Aube, no Distrito de Angoche, estão em conflito de terra, com um privado, moçambicano, de nome Bernardino.

 

Segundo explicam os camponeses afectados, a aludida parcela terá pertencido a um colono, no período anterior à proclamação da Independência Nacional, em Junho de 1975. Na saída do dito colono, os camponeses circunvizinhos, ocuparam a área, daí que desconheçam e estranhem o direito que assiste ao usurpador, de vir se intitular “dono” da área, só agora, 40 anos mais tarde.

 

Recentemente...

O Governador de Nampula, Victor Borges, visitou o Distrito de Larde, onde lançou a primeira pedra para a construção dum sistema de abastecimento de água, e apelou aos camponeses para que aumentem os níveis de produção, com vista ao mercado.

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