O IMPACTO DA FOME, EM NAMPULA

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Informações em poder da UNAC, indicam para uma generalizada desmotivação de alunos, nalguns Distritos de Nampula, no corrente ano lectivo, devido à fome. A escassez de alimentos tem ditado a constante subida de seus preços; facto que limita o poder de compra das famílias.

 

Entretanto, no Posto Administrativo de Aube, Distrito de Angoche, uma praga de insectos destruiu cerca de 230 hectares de culturas diversas, com destaque para o gergelim, da presente safra, o que obrigou os camponeses a procurar nova semente, de variedades Lindi e Nicaragua, para a reposição.

 

Crianças menores e mulheres grávidas, nas zonas recônditas dos Distritos a Sul de Nampula, nomeadamente, Moma, Iupo, Angoche e Larde, estão manifestando sérios problemas de desnutrição e anemia crónicas, devido à falta de alimentação adequada. Segundo apurou o “Boletim Informativo UNAC”, esta falta de alimentos deve-se à improdutividade das machambas, em consequência da irregularidade das chuvas.

CAMPONESES DE CHIMURA RECEBEM MOTOBOMBA

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Camponeses da Associação de Chimura, no Distrito de Chemba, Província de Sofala, receberam, da parte da Cáritas, no âmbito do Projecto de Promoção do Desenvolvimento de Pequenos Grupos, em Maio último, uma Motobomba, para a irrigação de suas hortícolas.

 

No acto da entrega, dirigido pelo Técnico Emílio Camilo, e que contou com o testemunho de convidados e dos próprios beneficiários, não faltaram apelos para uma utilização responsável, do equipamento, e para o aumento da produção e da produtividade.

 

O estado da Motobomba

A cerimónia de entrega da Motobomba, decorreu na horta da Associação receptora, com vista a montá-la, desmontá-la, testá-la, demonstrar e dar garantia aos beneficiários, sobre o seu estado mecânico.

 

Congratulações

Bove Albino, Presidente interino da Associação de Camponeses de Chimura, falando na ocasião, deixou transbordar a sua emoção e gratidão pelo presente. “Estou feliz pela sorte maior da nossa associação, que hoje recebe este equipamento, que nos fazia tanta falta. Digo nossa sorte, porque de muitas associações assistidas por este projecto, a nossa foi a que recebeu a Motobomba. Agradeço, portanto, em nome dos beneficiários, à UNAC, UPCS, UDAC e Cáritas, pelo presente” - disse.

160 CAMPONESES FORMADOS, EM MONAPO

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Nos dias 3 a 8 de Junho de 2016, 160 camponeses dos Distritos de Angoche, Moma, Mogovolas, Meconta, Liupo, Mogincual e Monapo, receberam o curso de Registo de Custo, no Posto Administrativo de Ztuculo, no Distrito de Monapo.

 

Registo dos custos

O Curso foi patrocinado pelo Gabinete da ACI-Iniciativa do Cajú Afrino, que opera na Província de Nampula. E contou com a facilitação de Bonifácio Albino, o qual chamou à atenção dos participantes, para a necessidade da valorização e defesa da terra, por um lado, e do registo rígido dos custos de operação, por outro. “Para o melhor apuramento dos ganhos da produção, é importante que todos os custos de produção sejam registados e comparados, mais tarde, aos resultados da venda da produção, destacando assim, os lucros”. - disse Albino.

 

Entretanto...

Nos dias 12 a 17 de Junho, os membros do Conselho de Direcção da UNAC, nomeadamente, a Presidente Ana Paula, o Vice-Presidente Domingos Buramo e a Secretária Rita Rezuane, visitaram a Província de Nampula, escalando os Distritos de Angoche, Murrupala e Malena.

 

A visita da Direcção da UNAC, a Nampula, tinha como objectivo principal, divulgar as decisões tomadas pela Assembleia-geral Eleitoral da UNAC, realizada em Novembro de 2015.

 

Constatações

Tanto em Angoche, assim como em Murrupula e Malema, a Direcção da UNAC apreciou as machambas, bem produtivas, dos camponeses. Umas, de cereais, e outras, de hortícolas e/ou leguminosas. No final das visitas, confessou-se satisfeita com o que viu; e recomendou aos camponeses, para que criem sempre reservas alimentares, para os momentos de crise.

CAMPONESES DE METARICA, CAPACITADOS EM MATÉRIA DE GESTÃO

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A União Distrital de Camponeses de Metarica, localizada na Vila-Sede do Distrito do mesmo nome, e congregada por 52 associações e 1.227 membros, dos quais 757 são mulheres, beneficiou, recentemente, duma formação organizada pelo GAPI/ Promer, sobre associativismo e gestão de negócios.

 

Razões da capacitação

Segundo Francisco Caísse, Presidente da União Distrital, esta beneficiou de um financiamento do GAPI/ Promer, no valor de 200.000,00 MT, para a compra da produção agrícola, de membros e não membros, para posterior revenda; daí o imperativo da capacitação dos seus membros, em matérias aludidas.

 

Enquanto isso...

Na Vila-Sede do Distrito de Mecanhelas, foram recentemente capacitados 25 PER’s-Promotores de Extensão, provenientes dos Distritos de Metarica, Mecanhelas e Cuamba, em matéria de horticultura, pela UPCN-União Provincial de Camponeses de Niassa, em colaboração com os Serviços Distritais de Actividades Económicas (SDAE), que disponibilizou uma Técnica, para a facilitação.

 

Das informações colhidas na ocasião, o “Boletim Informativo UNAC”, ficou sabendo que os participantes aprenderam, por exemplo, a preparar e/ou misturar o adubo composto e a arrumar os canteiros.

 

Capacitar e equipar

Nos últimos anos, e considerando o potencial adormecido da horticultura, na Província, a UPCN tem estado a juntar-se a parceiros interessados, num programa alargado de capacitação dos camponeses, na matéria, através dos PER’s, seleccionados, capacitados e equipados com materiais de trabalho.

UDAC-BOANE, EM AGONIA

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Nos dias 12 a 15 de Abril, no âmbito da preparação e realização da Assembleia-geral e Eleitoral da União Provincial de Camponeses de Maputo (UPCM), a Direcção da mesma, realizou um trabalho de sensibilização, nas Uniões/ Núcleos Distritais de Camponeses de Moamba, Boane e Magude.

 

Durante o trabalho, esta deparou-se, entretanto, com uma situação triste, no Distrito de Boane, mais concretamente, na Associação 25 de Setembro, onde os membros, para além de se queixarem do saque de seu património, falaram, igualmente, da inoperância do Presidente da respectiva União Distrital, o companheiro Lino Pita Nassone, afastado do movimento, desde finais de 2010.

 

Saque e venda de bens

Dados adicionais indicam para o saque e venda dos bens colectivos, por parte deste mesmo líder, o maior das quais terá sido o trespasse, para o seu próprio benefício, do espaço da Associação 25 de Setembro de Umbeluzi e de outras colectividades filiadas à União Distrital, a privados, para fins residenciais e outros, sem o consentimento dos membros, que agora ficaram sem onde praticar a actividade agrícola.

 

Algumas evidências

  • ·O pomar criado pela Via Campesina, em 2008, aquando da realização da V Conferência Internacional, em Maputo, transformou-se em sombras das residências de estranhos, agora erguidas no local, na sequência da venda do respectivo espaço, pelo companheiro Nassone, a pessoas que os associados desconhecem;
  • ·Os escritórios da União Distrital, servem de residências de pessoas ligadas ao Presidente da União, o companheiro Lino Pita Nassone, a quem pagam renda de 1.000,00MT/ mês;
  • ·As residências construídas e em construção, são visíveis no local.

 

Camponeses choram

Impotentes, os membros da Associação aludida e de outras colectividades visitadas, na ocasião, pediram a intervenção da UPCM-União Provincial de Camponeses de Maputo, com vista a parar com a prepotência do companheiro Nassone e à reposição das normas associativas, naquele distrito, começando por uma Assembleia Eleitoral, na qual o companheiro Nassone seja afastado do cargo.

 

UPCM promete intervir

Depois de ouvir e ver, os depoimentos e a real situação em que os companheiros de Boane vivem o seu associativismo de “faz de contas”, a Direcção da UPCM, prometeu ajudar, apelando, contudo, para que os primeiros passos sejam dados pelos próprios membros, criando, por exemplo, uma Comissão que se ocupe da preparação da referida Assembleia, junto dos demais membros, ao nível do distrito.

 

Formação de camponeses

No Distrito de Marracuene, de 1 a 3 de Junho, foram capacitados 24 camponeses (4 homens e 20 mulheres), membros de 6 uniões distritais filiadas à UPCM, em matéria de resgate da semente nativa. O evento, que foi organizado pela UPCM, com financiamento da We Effect, Projecto Piloto (AGIR), tinha como objectivo, capacitar os membros de base em matéria de Resgate de Produção, Multiplicação e Conservação da Semente Nativa, como forma de livrar os camponeses da dependência e/ou da compra da semente modificada, no futuro.

 

Para além da aprendizagem teórica, houve também actividades práticas, no campo.

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